Cats of Europe

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Cats Play Hide And Seek

Traineeship Learn about our animal welfare work! Stay updated subscribe Subscribe to our inernational newsletter and read all about our newest projects, wildlife conservation centres and campaigns, and our global commitment to animals in distress. The microchip should comply with the ISO standard If it does not, the owner is responsible for providing a suitable microchip reader. If the microchip is not ISO -compliant and the owner cannot provide a suitable microchip reader, the EU encourages the owner to contact the officials at the EU Port of Entry to inquire if they have a reader capable of reading other microchips.

It is understood that some readers are able to read both ISO and non- ISO microchip but there is no guarantee that the point of entry will be equipped with such reader.

Rabies vaccination is required for entry of pet animals to all EU countries. Please note that according to EU regulations, a rabies vaccination is not considered valid unless the animal was properly identified at the time it was vaccinated.

List of mammals of Europe

The microchip or tattoo number must also appear on the rabies vaccination certificate in order for it to be considered valid. The animal must have been vaccinated against rabies with an approved inactivated vaccine or a recombinant vaccine administered by an authorized veterinarian. According to EU regulations, a primary vaccination is considered valid if the vaccine is administered according to the manufacturer's protocol and at least 21 days have elapsed between the date of administration of the vaccine and the arrival of the animal in Europe.

In the case of a primary vaccination, the validity date as recorded on the health certificate should be 21 days after the vaccination. A revaccination booster administered during the period of validity of the previous vaccination is valid on the day it is administered, and the date can be recorded as such on the export certificate.

When Europe Was An Ocean: Big cats of Europe - past and present

A revaccination booster administered during the period of validity of the previous vaccination is valid on the day it is administered. However, if a revaccination is not carried out within the period of validity of the previous vaccination, or if the previous vaccine was administered before official identification, this revaccination will be considered a primary vaccination and may require a booster within one year. Furthermore, if for any reason an animal has been re-microchipped, this most recent identification will be considered the "official identification" and a revaccination for rabies must follow.

This would then fall under the EU 's definition of a primary vaccination and a resulting day wait period would be required. Some member States may allow entry of animals less than 12 weeks of age which have not received an anti-rabies vaccination or between the age of 12 and 16 weeks old that have received a rabies vaccination but do not yet meet the validity requirements 21 days. In all cases, this authorisation can only be granted if one of the following conditions are met:. If the movement of the animal involves transit to another Member State before arrival in the Member State of destination, both countries must authorise this type of movement.

Dogs travelling to Finland, Malta, the Republic of Ireland, and the United Kingdom require treatment for echinococcus within a period of not more than hours and not less than 24 hours before the time of scheduled entry of the dogs into the EU.

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A qualified vet must carry out the treatment and record it in the Veterinary Certificate. You must not administer the treatment yourself. Ensure that the veterinarian rescans the microchip to confirm that the number is correct and that the chip is readable. Contrary to previous requirements prior to February 29, , this treatment must be administered before the certificate is presented to the CFIA District Veterinarian for endorsement.

It is important to note that at any moment, any country can request that additional requirements be met.

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Instead, people more or less allowed cats to domesticate themselves. Cat overpopulation threatens the well-being of felines in the Old City of Jerusalem, leaving them susceptible to disease, neglect, and starvation. However, one resident has made it her mission to look after Jerusalem's strays and give them the best life possible. A second lineage, consisting of African cats that dominated Egypt, spread into the Mediterranean and most of the Old World beginning around B.

This Egyptian cat probably had behaviors that made it attractive to humans, such as sociability and tameness. The results suggest that prehistoric human populations probably began carrying their cats along ancient land and sea trade routes to control rodents.

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Wild Cats of Europe

By comparing the DNA of cats throughout history, the study captures a glimpse of how the animals were changing even before humans started to cart them across the globe, Ottoni says. Surprisingly, wild and domestic cats showed no major differences in their genetic makeup, and one of the few traits available for telling them apart was the tabby coat marking.


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The study sheds light on the late emergence of the blotched or striped coat markings, which began to appear in domesticated tabby cats in the Middle Ages.